Baguio City – The Labor Code of the Philippines governs employment practices and labor relations in the Philippines. It also identifies the rules and standards regarding employment such as pre-employment policies, labor conditions, wage rate, work hours, employee benefits, termination of employees, and so on. Employers and employees alike should have knowledge of what General Labor Standards (GLS) is all about. The General Labor Standards refers to the minimum requirements prescribed by existing laws, rules and regulations relating to wages, hours of work, allowances and other monetary and welfare benefits, including those set by occupational safety and health standards.

Minimum wage is the lowest wage permitted by law or by a special agreement (such as one with a labor union). In the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), effective August 20, 2018, the daily basic minimum rates are as follows: for Baguio City and La Trinidad, all industries/sectors employing eleven (11) or more the minimum wage is Three Hundred Twenty Pesos (Php 320.00) and for all industries/sectors employing less than ten (10), the minimum wage is Three Hundred Ten pesos (Php 310.00). For Tabuk City, Bangued, Bontoc, Banaue, Lagawe, Bauko, Sagada, Buguias, Itogon, Mankayan, Tuba and Tublay, the minimum wage is Php 315.00 for industries employing 11 or more and Php 305.00 for industries employing 10 or less while the other areas in CAR, the minimum wage is Php 300.00 regardless of the number of employees. The minimum wage rate is the normal working hours, which shall not exceed eight (8) hours work a day.

Exempted to this standard are government employees, managerial employees, officers or members of a managerial staff; domestic servants and persons in the personal service of another if they perform such services in the  employer’s home which are usually necessary or  desirable thereof,  for the maintenance and  enjoyment  to minister to the personal comfort, convenience or safety of  the employer as well as the members of his employers household; workers who are paid by results, including those who are paid on piece work, takay, pakyaw, or task basis; Workers who are paid by results, including those  who  are paid on piece work, takay, pakyaw, or task basis; non agricultural field personnel  if they regularly  perform their duties away from the  principal or branch office or place of business of the employer and   whose actual hours of work  in the field cannot be  determined with reasonable certainty. For employees to know, the compensable hours worked means all the time during which an employee is required to be on duty or to be at the employer’s premises or to be at a prescribed workplace; and all time during which an employee is suffered or permitted to work.

For the time of payment of wages, not less than once every 2 weeks or twice a month at intervals of not exceeding 16 days while the mode for payment of wages shall be made directly to the employee except when employer is authorized in writing by the employee to pay his wage to a member of his family and employee’s death.

Employers are required by law to pay the 13th Month Pay to all their rank and file employees regardless of the nature of their employment and irrespective of the method by which their wages are paid provided they worked for at least one (1) month during a calendar year.

Overtime work refers to the additional compensation for work performed beyond eight (8) hours in a day. Overtime pay for an ordinary day is plus 25% of basic hourly rate; overtime pay on rest day or on special day is plus 30% of basic hourly rate; overtime pay on a regular holiday plus 30% of (200% of basic hourly rate) or 260% of basic hourly rate; overtime pay on rest day which falls on a regular holiday plus 30% of (260% of basic hourly rate) or 338% of basic hourly rate.

Night Shift Differential refers to the additional compensation of 10% of an employee’s regular wage for each hour performed between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. Night shift differential covers all employees except government Employees; retail and service establishments employing not more than 5 employees; domestic helpers and persons in the personal service of another; managerial employees; and field personnel and those whose time and performance are unsupervised by the employer.

For holiday pay, if the employee did not render work during the regular holiday, he/she shall be entitled to 100% of his/her salary for that day. If the employee reported for work on such day, he/she shall be entitled to 200% of his/her regular salary for that day for the first eight (8) hours.

Every employee who has rendered at least one (1) year of service is entitled to Service Incentive Leave (SIL) of 5 days with pay. The SIL may be used for sick and vacation leave purposes. The unused SIL is commutable to its money equivalent at the end of the year.

Other labor standards include premium pay; service charges; maternity leave; paternity leave; parental leave for solo parents; for Victims of Violence Against Women and Their Children (VAWC) and the special leave for women.

The Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE), the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) and the City Government of Baguio thru the Public Employment Service Office (PESO) will be conduct the Labor Day Jon and Business Fairs on May 1, 2019 at the Baguio City High School – Main Campus, Gov. Pack Road, Baguio City . Other services to be offered include Livelihood Fairs, Health and Wellness Center and a One-Stop Shop Government Service Center. Also there will be a Job Seekers Pre-registration on April 24-27, 2019 at the Malcolm Square People’s Park and a Diskuwento Caravan (In House) at the participating Malls.

END/Patrick T Rillorta